St. John icon is gilded by mixtion technique using free gold papers. Free gold papers are not fixed for paper-holder. In this process you need next accessories: scissors, knife for gilding, pillow and brush. This process require skill, dexterity and experience to achieve maximum results.
Entire gold paper, or if necessary just piece of gold paper, transfer from fascicule to surface done with mixtion. Gold paper is tranfered with brush for gilding, and brush hair need to touche the entire surface of gold paper. When is gold paper sticked to brush, we transfer it to board. With skillfully move we touch the board with gold paper, gold paper is separated from brush and sticked on the board. Gold paper can be placed on board if we cut the fascicule in the point of connecting, so gold paper overarch above the board. With small brush we "push" gold to touch mixtion and then slip away the paper.
We cut gold paper if we need smaller piece and do not want to spend the entire paper. Gold paper can be cut with scissors, but only if we put gold between two pieces of paper (cut it together with a pieces of paper). Another way is to move it from fascicule to the pillow. We cut it with knife and move with brush.
During the working with gold we should consider the following things:
gold papers are very light; draft, even a breath could blow them
scissors, knife and hands must be ideally degreased and dry because it may stick gold for themselves
before using a brush, rub it over oily hair to be slightly fat, and gold will stick to it better
at a time when gold touch mixtion, descend of gold paper, but if we pull it in the opposite direction gold will be torn
gold on the curves (between the field and the board coffin) can, not to touch mixtion with one part and will not be sticked; when we push it with piece of cotton (to touch mixtion) gold can be torn; this can be prevented so that we stick gold paper in that way the end of it will be at the curve
dust which fall (hair, etc.) on mixtion will be visible on gold and can spoil impression
do not touch gold with hands, because gold will stick on it
When you put gold on the entire surface and mend places that you missed with small pieces of gold, then, slightly patting (no rubbing!) gold with piece of cotton in order to better afflicts the surface. After 24 hours with piece of cotton, gently polish gold in circular moves. In this way, we will remove the excess gold.
If there are places that we missed to gild, we should apply mixtion on that place again, wait for the prescribed drying time and gild, as described above. Before the final lacquer, gold is very sensitive. You should not touch it with the hands and objects because gold can be scratched easily.